Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Illustration of the COVID-19 virus


COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2 emerged in late 2019 from Wuhan, China. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. The virus has spread to 178 countries across the globe.

COVID-19 spreads via droplet transmission. To learn about how COVID-19 is spread click here.

To reduce your risk of infection, wash your hands with soap and hot water for 20 seconds. If traditional hand-washing is not available, use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. If you feel sick, stay home. For additional information, and if you have questions about whether or not it is appropriate to wear a face mask click here.

Symptoms of COVID-19 appear 2-14 days after exposure. Primary symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Certain individuals, such as those over 65 or with underlying health conditions are at higher risk for severe illness. To see if this is you or someone you love click here. There are warning signs to indicate you may need to go to the doctor. Please consult your medical provider for any symptoms that are severe of concerning.

The number of cases throughout the country is changing rapidly. To see real-time tracking of cases and fatalities throughout the world click here. For information pertaining directly to Hawaii click here. Currently, Governor Ige has issued a stay-at-home, work-from home order to fight COVID-19. To stay informed on the most up-to-date information, sign up here for daily updates from the Hawaii Department of Health or visit the Hawaii Department of Health website.

There is currently no defined treatment or vaccine for COVID-19. However, many vaccine candidates are in the pipeline for human trials and potential approval. Moderna is the first vaccine candidate to be approved to move into human trials. The candidate is currently in a Phase 1, open-label, dose-ranging clinical trial of 45 healthy participants between 18-55 years old.

Additional Resources:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): click here.

The World Health Organization (WHO): click here.

Harvard Medical School Coronavirus Resource Center: click here.

Stress and Coping:

CDC Resources: click here.

Red Cross steps to help cope: click here.

How to Talk to Your Kids About Coronavirus:

Public Broadcasting Service (PBS): click here.

CDC: click here.

BrainPOP: click here.

Zubin Damania, MD (ZDoggMD), hospitalist: click here.

Caregiving for the Elderly:

Johns Hopkins Medicine: click here.

Scientific and Clinical Literature:

The Lancet COVID-19 Resource Center: click here.

Elsevier Novel Coronavirus Information Center: click here.


Coronavirus Daily, National Public Radio (NPR): click here.

Coronavirus and the Cerveza for Disease Control (Voices for Vaccines): click here.

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